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March 2011


Finns det rena lögner i bibeln?

Min favorit bland bibelforskare, Bart Ehrman, har precis publicerat en ny bok: Forged: Writing in the Name of God–Why the Bible’s Authors Are Not Who We Think They Are. Där ställer han han en högst väsentlig fråga. Innehåller bibeln lögner? En inte helt oviktig fråga för bokstavstroende, men även för andra kristna. Ehrman skriver en intressant artikel i frågan hos Huffington Post.

Apart from the most rabid fundamentalists among us, nearly everyone admits that the Bible might contain errors — a faulty creation story here, a historical mistake there, a contradiction or two in some other place. But is it possible that the problem is worse than that — that the Bible actually contains lies?
Most people wouldn’t put it that way, since the Bible is, after all, sacred Scripture for millions on our planet. But good Christian scholars of the Bible, including the top Protestant and Catholic scholars of America, will tell you that the Bible is full of lies, even if they refuse to use the term. And here is the truth: Many of the books of the New Testament were written by people who lied about their identity, claiming to be a famous apostle — Peter, Paul or James — knowing full well they were someone else. In modern parlance, that is a lie, and a book written by someone who lies about his identity is a forgery.

Hoppsan. Men ok, det måste förstås vara på det sätt som Ehrman beskriver det – det har bibelforskare vetat i långa tider. Vad spelar det för roll?

This may all seem like a bit of antiquarian curiosity, especially for people whose lives don’t depend on the Bible or even people of faith for whom biblical matters are a peripheral interest at best. But in fact, it matters sometimes. Whoever wrote the book of 1 Timothy claimed to be Paul. But he was lying about that — he was someone else living after Paul had died. In his book, the author of 1 Timothy used Paul’s name and authority to address a problem that he saw in the church. Women were speaking out, exercising authority and teaching men. That had to stop. The author told women to be silent and submissive, and reminded his readers about what happened the first time a woman was allowed to exercise authority over a man, in that little incident in the garden of Eden. No, the author argued, if women wanted to be saved, they were to have babies (1 Tim. 2:11-15).
Largely on the basis of this passage, the apostle Paul has been branded, by more liberation minded people of recent generations, as one of history’s great misogynists. The problem, of course, is that Paul never said any such thing. And why does it matter? Because the passage is still used by church leaders today to oppress and silence women. Why are there no women priests in the Catholic Church? Why are women not allowed to preach in conservative evangelical churches? Why are there churches today that do not allow women even to speak? In no small measure it is because Paul allegedly taught that women had to be silent, submissive and pregnant. Except that the person who taught this was not Paul, but someone lying about his identity so that his readers would think he was Paul.

En lögn stelnad till dogm i den minst bibeltrogna av kristna sekter: katolska kyrkan själv. Paulus fick sin uppenbarelse på vägen till Damaskus och efter det hittade han på en ny religion: kristendom. Men den religion Paulus hittade på är inte den religion vi har idag. Så här sa den riktige Paulus, i Galaterbrevet 3:28.

Nu är ingen längre jude eller grek, slav eller fri, man eller kvinna. Alla är ni ett i Kristus Jesus.

Två tusen år av institutionaliserat kvinnoförtryck på grund av en lögn. Frågan är om någon förfalskare lyckats lika bra? Fast det hade ju förstås aldrig varit något problem om efterföljarna använt sitt förnuft istället för att ägna sig åt texttolkning.

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